Intelligence, "Nature Versus Nurture"

Topics: Nature versus nurture, Intelligence quotient, Human nature Pages: 5 (1502 words) Published: September 18, 2013
One of the big questions in psychology is "nature versus nurture".

 Intelligence, "nature versus nurture"

Intelligence is the ability to learn facts and skills and apply them; it can also be referred to as knowledge. When we look at knowledge we typically look at it from the aspect of nature and nurture, nature being what we come into this world with and nurture is what we acquire after we have entered this world. But the question I am focused on is where do we get our intelligence, are we born with it or are we somewhat gaining it after birth, is a new born child capable of knowing what is happening around him and grow up knowing how to act as an adult from birth or do he have to acquire the ability for adult performance?.

So the experiment I am referring to was taught by one Dr. Richard Gerring, where taking a new born child and imagine what it would be like to come into a situation as such a child. One such example of testing intelligence starts with perceptions. It was thought for a long time that children was color blind, because we could not just ask a neonate “do you see colors?”, so the first experiment to detect whether a child perceive color would be from one researcher by the name of Burstein. Burstein took a set of 3 month old kids and give them solid colored toys and soon the kids got tired of looking at the toys over and over again; now the simple fact about colors is the wave length that they give off, colors such as green or orange gives off a bright wave length that is attractive, but a color like grey and white has dull wave lengths. Or also if you keep looking at the same color whether bright green or red you would soon get tired of the color because your brain has already adapted to it and you become bored.

So to test this theory I did my own experiment.

Scientific Question:  
Can children perceive colors and understand change although they are small and have not yet fully acquired learn intelligence of difference?

Hypothesis: 
Children do perceive colors, they also have an intelligence of change in the factors around them just as older children and adults do even though they are of young age.

My objective:
To see whether children do perceive and understand colors although they may not know the colors by names, do they have the ability to detect the change from such a young age.

Type of design of Qualitative Investigation:  

Investigation-action  
So with this experiment I am taking Three (5) children ages 3 months to 2 years old and place all of them in the same room for 5 days for 3 hours with the same set of toys: 2 red truck and 4 yellow cars. Based on investigation 5 days/3 hours results, an action would be taken to confirm findings.

Methology
The study type that we will carry out is descriptive.

Universe: A preschool at the Community center, Vanard, Castries.

Manipulate: 5 children ages 3 months to 2 years old.

Operational variables: Sex and ages of the children, place and time

Independent Variables: Colors of toys

Techniques used to obtain the data of this study: 

* Direct Observation 
There needs to be constant observation of the children while playing with the toys and note the level of interest that is given to each toy over the period of 5 days for 3 hours, and then analyze data at the end of each day whether the interest dwindles or not.

Make a note of just how much had the attention dwindled.

Analysis of Data:
Day 1: All 5 kids are happy with the new toys for the 3 hours Day 2: All kids are happy and move around contentedly with the toys Day 3: The Kids are demonstrating a lack of interest in the toys now and have come to interchange a lot between the 6 pieces. Day 4: The children are no long grabbing for the toys but are beginning to get very frets and occasionally when I give them a toy they may calm a bit but then continue to fret. Obvious signs that they no longer are interested in the toys. Day 5: Today is they last...
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