Types of Communication
Communication is something that we all do every day and something that we must learn to do from the day we are born in order to interact with others and become a functional member of society. We must learn to constantly improve our communication skills in order to express to other what we need and what we are feeling and to help others with their needs and problems. There are many different ways that we all communicate with each other every day. Verbal communication is just one of the forms that we use. Speaking with one another and saying what we feel is one of our primary forms of communication. We also communicate with our actions and expressions. Sometimes we can say more with the expression on our face than we can with words. Non-verbal forms of communications such as expressions and hand gestures can be an extremely powerful form of communication and an excellent way to get your message across. Another form of non-verbal communication is writing. Many people do not utilize this form as much as the others, but it can be one of the strongest and potent forms of communication available. Writing down your thoughts or ideas allows you to organize them and say exactly what you want in a concise orderly style. Many people do not even realize how often they do utilize writing to get their messages to others. Written letters have fallen out of style, but with the invention of the internet, many people have started using writing much more every day. Instant Messaging is one of the most popular forms of communication being utilized today. The skills that we develop in communications are vital in order for us to have more relations personally and professionally. The relations that we gain help us to grow while providing us a key resource for providing quality communications. Without efficient skills in communication our roles in life are restricted and the way people view us could be slighted. Proper communication processes inside an organization are important in order for individuals to collaborate with others. This also helps the business to grow. Successful communication needs to occur two ways. The communication method includes the following: • Sender- Person that speaks first or kicks off the communication. • Receiver- The listener or the person to whom the communication is intended. • Message- What the sender wishes the listener to understand. • Feedback- The grapevine of the communication.
Interpersonal communication begins after a few seconds when two way communications begin. The senders will talk while receiving reactions from listeners. Proper communication will consist if the senders are able to read the listeners actions and adjust as needed. Case in point is if there is a change in tone, the speaker can speak louder or simplify the wording. Types of Communication Through the years, technology has significantly changed society’s methods of communicating. Communication methods began with body language and later developed into verbal language. Smoke signals, lanterns and drum beats were later used to communicate through short distances. This form of communication became cumbersome and the communication medium broadened and offered more challenges and innovations in the years to follow. The ability to communicate over larger distances was improved with such innovations as the Pony Express in the 19th century, and during World War I, carrier pigeons were used to send messages. The first real breakthrough in long distance communication was the Morse code, developed by Samuel Morse in 1844. Morse code was the language used with the telegraph, consisting of a series of dots and dashes which translated into the alphabet (L. A. Lievrouw, 2006). Alexander Graham Bell’s ingenious invention of the telephone in 1876 opened the door for Martin Cooper’s cell phone invention in 1973. This new technology gave people the...
References: Leah A. Lievrouw, B.J., M.A., Ph.D. "Communication," Retrieved October 2, 2006, from http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761564117_1/Communication.html#S1.
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