Group One: " I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" by William Wordsworth I WANDERED lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
10 Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
The waves beside them danced; but they
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could not but be gay,
In such a jocund company:
I gazed--and gazed--but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought:
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood, 20
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils. 1804.
1. (a)Discuss the following themes: memory, nature (b) identify and analyze the use of personification in the poem 2. Respond and answer the following questions:
Describe the scene the speaker suddenly comes upon in his wandering. Find two similes in which the comparison is indicated by the word "as". In each simile, what is compared to what? What is suggested by each simile? What effect does the scene have on the speakers while he is present? What "wealth" is he later aware of? According to the speaker, in what activity do the flowers take part? What was the speaker's mood before he saw the daffodils? How do you know? Find three examples of personification in the poem. What human characteristics are given to nonhuman things? What is the speakers" inward eyes"? Why is it the "bliss of solitude"? Of what value to humans are natural scenes as the one presented in the poem? Wordsworth once described poetry as "powerful feelings recollected in tranquillity". Explain how this famous phrase relates to "I Wonder Lonely in the Clouds".
Group Two: "I Hear an Army" by James Joyce
I hear an army charging upon the land,
And the thunder of horses plunging, foam about their
Arrogant, in black armor, behind them stand,
Disdaining the reins, with fluttering whips, the
They cry unto the night their battle-name:
I moan in sleep when I hear afar their whirling
They cleave the gloom of dreams, a blinding flame,
Clanging, clanging upon the heart as upon an anvil.
They come shaking in triumph their long, green hair"
They come out of the sea and run shouting by the
My heart, have you not wisdom thus to despair?
My love, my love, my love, why have you left me alone?
a. Discuss the theme: nightmares
b. Identify the use of onomatopoeia (imitation of sounds)
Discuss the following questions:
1. How do your moods influence your dreams?
2. Describe the army that the poet hears.
3. What has the speaker's love done to him?
4. Is the army the poet describing real? Explain your answer. 5. How do words like "plunging". "fluttering", "whirling", and "clanging" contributes to the mood of the poem? 6. A famous poet once said that it is easier to write about heartbreak than about happiness in love. Comment on this remark. Group Three: " The Sky is Low" by Emily Dickinson
The Sky is low-the Clouds are mean
A Traveleling Flake of Snow
Across a Barn or through a Rut
Debates if it will go-
A Narrow Wind complains all Day
How some one treated him.
Nature, like Us is sometimes caught
Without her Diadem.
Diadem: n. crown
a. Discuss the theme: nature and human nature
b. Identify the use of personification in the poem.
Discuss and answer the following questions:
1. Why do you think people so often interpret natural phenomenon terms of human nature? 2. Describe the scene in the poem.
3. What does " mean" suggest about nature?
4. What does "debates" suggest about the movement of the snowflake? 5. What impression of the wind do you get from lines 5-6?
6. Restate in your own words the...
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